http://www.straitstimes.com/ST+Forum/Online+Story/STIStory_175216.html
by Heng Cho Choon (ST Forum, 10 Nov 2007)

MR JANADAS Devan in his article, ‘What place religion in a secular society?’ (ST, Nov 9), rightly pointed out the relevance of Matteo Ricci in today’s Singapore society.

Our Government, though a secular government, has Cabinet ministers who are Buddhists, Roman Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, Hindus and freethinkers. Religion cannot be divorced from politics, society or culture though it may transcend ethnic groups.

CCTV has always referred to Hezbollah (literally Allah’s Party) or Party of God as ‘zhen1 zhu3 dang3’ as this was a political party which emerged in Lebanon in the early 1980s and became the region’s leading radical Islamic movement, determined to drive Israeli troops from Lebanon. Chinese Christians refer to God as ‘shang4 di4’ (literally the Supreme Being). The Chinese word for ship is ‘chuan2’ and as a pictorial language the word is composed of a boat and eight mouths. This is due to the fact that during Noah’s time only eight souls were saved when he built the ark (Genesis 6:14).

The early English Christian missionary Hudson Taylor spent 51 years in China and established the China Inland Mission which sent 968 missionaries to China by 1911. One day, a man asked Taylor to explain why he had buttons on the back of his coat. Taylor realised that his Western-style dress was distracting his listeners from his message. He then decided to dress like a Mandarin, a Chinese teacher. He was amazed at how dressing Chinese allowed him to travel more freely and be accepted more readily by the people. Taylor’s goal was not to have the Chinese become like English Christians, but to have them become Chinese Christians.

The Chinese refer to the Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci (1552-1610) as ‘Li4 Ma3 dou4’. Ricci could speak Chinese as well as read and write classical Chinese (wen2 yan2). He appreciated the indigenous culture of the Chinese. He found that Chinese culture was intertwined with Confucian values and therefore decided that Christianity had to be changed to fit Chinese culture in order to be attractive to the Chinese. He called himself a ‘Western Confucian’ and the credibility of Confucius helped to make Christianity take root in China.

Religion basically teaches peace, love, harmony and accommodation but the radicals and the extremists have turned it into a militant movement to serve their own ends.

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